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apigen.py

00001 """Attempt to generate templates for module reference with Sphinx

XXX - we exclude extension modules

To include extension modules, first identify them as valid in the
``_uri2path`` method, then handle them in the ``_parse_module`` script.

We get functions and classes by parsing the text of .py files.
Alternatively we could import the modules for discovery, and we'd have
to do that for extension modules.  This would involve changing the
``_parse_module`` method to work via import and introspection, and
might involve changing ``discover_modules`` (which determines which
files are modules, and therefore which module URIs will be passed to
``_parse_module``).

NOTE: this is a modified version of a script originally shipped with the
PyMVPA project, which we've adapted for NIPY use.  PyMVPA is an MIT-licensed
project."""

# Stdlib imports
import os
import re

# Functions and classes
00025 class ApiDocWriter(object):
    ''' Class for automatic detection and parsing of API docs
    to Sphinx-parsable reST format'''

    # only separating first two levels
    rst_section_levels = ['*', '=', '-', '~', '^']

00032     def __init__(self,
                 package_name,
                 rst_extension='.rst',
                 package_skip_patterns=None,
                 module_skip_patterns=None,
                 ):
        ''' Initialize package for parsing

        Parameters
        ----------
        package_name : string
            Name of the top-level package.  *package_name* must be the
            name of an importable package
        rst_extension : string, optional
            Extension for reST files, default '.rst'
        package_skip_patterns : None or sequence of {strings, regexps}
            Sequence of strings giving URIs of packages to be excluded
            Operates on the package path, starting at (including) the
            first dot in the package path, after *package_name* - so,
            if *package_name* is ``sphinx``, then ``sphinx.util`` will
            result in ``.util`` being passed for earching by these
            regexps.  If is None, gives default. Default is:
            ['\.tests$']
        module_skip_patterns : None or sequence
            Sequence of strings giving URIs of modules to be excluded
            Operates on the module name including preceding URI path,
            back to the first dot after *package_name*.  For example
            ``sphinx.util.console`` results in the string to search of
            ``.util.console``
            If is None, gives default. Default is:
            ['\.setup$', '\._']
        '''
        if package_skip_patterns is None:
            package_skip_patterns = ['\\.tests$']
        if module_skip_patterns is None:
            module_skip_patterns = ['\\.setup$', '\\._']
        self.package_name = package_name
        self.rst_extension = rst_extension
        self.package_skip_patterns = package_skip_patterns
        self.module_skip_patterns = module_skip_patterns

    def get_package_name(self):
        return self._package_name

00076     def set_package_name(self, package_name):
        ''' Set package_name

        >>> docwriter = ApiDocWriter('sphinx')
        >>> import sphinx
        >>> docwriter.root_path == sphinx.__path__[0]
        True
        >>> docwriter.package_name = 'docutils'
        >>> import docutils
        >>> docwriter.root_path == docutils.__path__[0]
        True
        '''
        # It's also possible to imagine caching the module parsing here
        self._package_name = package_name
        self.root_module = __import__(package_name)
        self.root_path = self.root_module.__path__[0]
        self.written_modules = None

    package_name = property(get_package_name, set_package_name, None,
                            'get/set package_name')

00097     def _get_object_name(self, line):
        ''' Get second token in line
        >>> docwriter = ApiDocWriter('sphinx')
        >>> docwriter._get_object_name("  def func():  ")
        'func'
        >>> docwriter._get_object_name("  class Klass(object):  ")
        'Klass'
        >>> docwriter._get_object_name("  class Klass:  ")
        'Klass'
        '''
        name = line.split()[1].split('(')[0].strip()
        # in case we have classes which are not derived from object
        # ie. old style classes
        return name.rstrip(':')

00112     def _uri2path(self, uri):
        ''' Convert uri to absolute filepath

        Parameters
        ----------
        uri : string
            URI of python module to return path for

        Returns
        -------
        path : None or string
            Returns None if there is no valid path for this URI
            Otherwise returns absolute file system path for URI

        Examples
        --------
        >>> docwriter = ApiDocWriter('sphinx')
        >>> import sphinx
        >>> modpath = sphinx.__path__[0]
        >>> res = docwriter._uri2path('sphinx.builder')
        >>> res == os.path.join(modpath, 'builder.py')
        True
        >>> res = docwriter._uri2path('sphinx')
        >>> res == os.path.join(modpath, '__init__.py')
        True
        >>> docwriter._uri2path('sphinx.does_not_exist')

        '''
        if uri == self.package_name:
            return os.path.join(self.root_path, '__init__.py')
        path = uri.replace('.', os.path.sep)
        path = path.replace(self.package_name + os.path.sep, '')
        path = os.path.join(self.root_path, path)
        # XXX maybe check for extensions as well?
        if os.path.exists(path + '.py'): # file
            path += '.py'
        elif os.path.exists(os.path.join(path, '__init__.py')):
            path = os.path.join(path, '__init__.py')
        else:
            return None
        return path

00154     def _path2uri(self, dirpath):
        ''' Convert directory path to uri '''
        relpath = dirpath.replace(self.root_path, self.package_name)
        if relpath.startswith(os.path.sep):
            relpath = relpath[1:]
        return relpath.replace(os.path.sep, '.')

00161     def _parse_module(self, uri):
        ''' Parse module defined in *uri* '''
        filename = self._uri2path(uri)
        if filename is None:
            # nothing that we could handle here.
            return ([],[])
        f = open(filename, 'rt')
        functions, classes = self._parse_lines(f)
        f.close()
        return functions, classes
    
00172     def _parse_lines(self, linesource):
        ''' Parse lines of text for functions and classes '''
        functions = []
        classes = []
        for line in linesource:
            if line.startswith('def ') and line.count('('):
                # exclude private stuff
                name = self._get_object_name(line)
                if not name.startswith('_'):
                    functions.append(name)
            elif line.startswith('class '):
                # exclude private stuff
                name = self._get_object_name(line)
                if not name.startswith('_'):
                    classes.append(name)
            else:
                pass
        functions.sort()
        classes.sort()
        return functions, classes

00193     def generate_api_doc(self, uri):
        '''Make autodoc documentation template string for a module

        Parameters
        ----------
        uri : string
            python location of module - e.g 'sphinx.builder'

        Returns
        -------
        S : string
            Contents of API doc
        '''
        # get the names of all classes and functions
        functions, classes = self._parse_module(uri)
        if not len(functions) and not len(classes):
            print 'WARNING: Empty -',uri  # dbg
            return ''

        # Make a shorter version of the uri that omits the package name for
        # titles 
        uri_short = re.sub(r'^%s\.' % self.package_name,'',uri)
        
        ad = '.. AUTO-GENERATED FILE -- DO NOT EDIT!\n\n'

        chap_title = uri_short
        ad += (chap_title+'\n'+ self.rst_section_levels[1] * len(chap_title)
               + '\n\n')

        # Set the chapter title to read 'module' for all modules except for the
        # main packages
        if '.' in uri:
            title = 'Module: :mod:`' + uri_short + '`'
        else:
            title = ':mod:`' + uri_short + '`'
        ad += title + '\n' + self.rst_section_levels[2] * len(title)

        if len(classes):
            ad += '\nInheritance diagram for ``%s``:\n\n' % uri
            ad += '.. inheritance-diagram:: %s \n' % uri
            ad += '   :parts: 3\n'

        ad += '\n.. automodule:: ' + uri + '\n'
        ad += '\n.. currentmodule:: ' + uri + '\n'
        multi_class = len(classes) > 1
        multi_fx = len(functions) > 1
        if multi_class:
            ad += '\n' + 'Classes' + '\n' + \
                  self.rst_section_levels[2] * 7 + '\n'
        elif len(classes) and multi_fx:
            ad += '\n' + 'Class' + '\n' + \
                  self.rst_section_levels[2] * 5 + '\n'
        for c in classes:
            ad += '\n:class:`' + c + '`\n' \
                  + self.rst_section_levels[multi_class + 2 ] * \
                  (len(c)+9) + '\n\n'
            ad += '\n.. autoclass:: ' + c + '\n'
            # must NOT exclude from index to keep cross-refs working
            ad += '  :members:\n' \
                  '  :undoc-members:\n' \
                  '  :show-inheritance:\n' \
                  '\n' \
                  '  .. automethod:: __init__\n'
        if multi_fx:
            ad += '\n' + 'Functions' + '\n' + \
                  self.rst_section_levels[2] * 9 + '\n\n'
        elif len(functions) and multi_class:
            ad += '\n' + 'Function' + '\n' + \
                  self.rst_section_levels[2] * 8 + '\n\n'
        for f in functions:
            # must NOT exclude from index to keep cross-refs working
            ad += '\n.. autofunction:: ' + uri + '.' + f + '\n\n'
        return ad

00267     def _survives_exclude(self, matchstr, match_type):
        ''' Returns True if *matchstr* does not match patterns

        ``self.package_name`` removed from front of string if present

        Examples
        --------
        >>> dw = ApiDocWriter('sphinx')
        >>> dw._survives_exclude('sphinx.okpkg', 'package')
        True
        >>> dw.package_skip_patterns.append('^\\.badpkg$')
        >>> dw._survives_exclude('sphinx.badpkg', 'package')
        False
        >>> dw._survives_exclude('sphinx.badpkg', 'module')
        True
        >>> dw._survives_exclude('sphinx.badmod', 'module')
        True
        >>> dw.module_skip_patterns.append('^\\.badmod$')
        >>> dw._survives_exclude('sphinx.badmod', 'module')
        False
        '''
        if match_type == 'module':
            patterns = self.module_skip_patterns
        elif match_type == 'package':
            patterns = self.package_skip_patterns
        else:
            raise ValueError('Cannot interpret match type "%s"' 
                             % match_type)
        # Match to URI without package name
        L = len(self.package_name)
        if matchstr[:L] == self.package_name:
            matchstr = matchstr[L:]
        for pat in patterns:
            try:
                pat.search
            except AttributeError:
                pat = re.compile(pat)
            if pat.search(matchstr):
                return False
        return True

00308     def discover_modules(self):
        ''' Return module sequence discovered from ``self.package_name`` 


        Parameters
        ----------
        None

        Returns
        -------
        mods : sequence
            Sequence of module names within ``self.package_name``

        Examples
        --------
        >>> dw = ApiDocWriter('sphinx')
        >>> mods = dw.discover_modules()
        >>> 'sphinx.util' in mods
        True
        >>> dw.package_skip_patterns.append('\.util$')
        >>> 'sphinx.util' in dw.discover_modules()
        False
        >>> 
        '''
        modules = [self.package_name]
        # raw directory parsing
        for dirpath, dirnames, filenames in os.walk(self.root_path):
            # Check directory names for packages
            root_uri = self._path2uri(os.path.join(self.root_path,
                                                   dirpath))
            for dirname in dirnames[:]: # copy list - we modify inplace
                package_uri = '.'.join((root_uri, dirname))
                if (self._uri2path(package_uri) and
                    self._survives_exclude(package_uri, 'package')):
                    modules.append(package_uri)
                else:
                    dirnames.remove(dirname)
            # Check filenames for modules
            for filename in filenames:
                module_name = filename[:-3]
                module_uri = '.'.join((root_uri, module_name))
                if (self._uri2path(module_uri) and
                    self._survives_exclude(module_uri, 'module')):
                    modules.append(module_uri)
        return sorted(modules)
    
    def write_modules_api(self, modules,outdir):
        # write the list
        written_modules = []
        for m in modules:
            api_str = self.generate_api_doc(m)
            if not api_str:
                continue
            # write out to file
            outfile = os.path.join(outdir,
                                   m + self.rst_extension)
            fileobj = open(outfile, 'wt')
            fileobj.write(api_str)
            fileobj.close()
            written_modules.append(m)
        self.written_modules = written_modules

00370     def write_api_docs(self, outdir):
        """Generate API reST files.

        Parameters
        ----------
        outdir : string
            Directory name in which to store files
            We create automatic filenames for each module
            
        Returns
        -------
        None

        Notes
        -----
        Sets self.written_modules to list of written modules
        """
        if not os.path.exists(outdir):
            os.mkdir(outdir)
        # compose list of modules
        modules = self.discover_modules()
        self.write_modules_api(modules,outdir)
        
00393     def write_index(self, outdir, froot='gen', relative_to=None):
        """Make a reST API index file from written files

        Parameters
        ----------
        path : string
            Filename to write index to
        outdir : string
            Directory to which to write generated index file
        froot : string, optional
            root (filename without extension) of filename to write to
            Defaults to 'gen'.  We add ``self.rst_extension``.
        relative_to : string
            path to which written filenames are relative.  This
            component of the written file path will be removed from
            outdir, in the generated index.  Default is None, meaning,
            leave path as it is.
        """
        if self.written_modules is None:
            raise ValueError('No modules written')
        # Get full filename path
        path = os.path.join(outdir, froot+self.rst_extension)
        # Path written into index is relative to rootpath
        if relative_to is not None:
            relpath = outdir.replace(relative_to + os.path.sep, '')
        else:
            relpath = outdir
        idx = open(path,'wt')
        w = idx.write
        w('.. AUTO-GENERATED FILE -- DO NOT EDIT!\n\n')
        w('.. toctree::\n\n')
        for f in self.written_modules:
            w('   %s\n' % os.path.join(relpath,f))
        idx.close()

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