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frontendbase.py

# encoding: utf-8
# -*- test-case-name: IPython.frontend.tests.test_frontendbase -*-
"""
frontendbase provides an interface and base class for GUI frontends for 
IPython.kernel/IPython.kernel.core.

Frontend implementations will likely want to subclass FrontEndBase. 

Author: Barry Wark
"""
__docformat__ = "restructuredtext en"

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Copyright (C) 2008  The IPython Development Team
#
#  Distributed under the terms of the BSD License.  The full license is in
#  the file COPYING, distributed as part of this software.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Imports
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
import string
import codeop
from IPython.external import guid


from IPython.frontend.zopeinterface import (
    Interface, 
    Attribute, 
)
from IPython.kernel.core.history import FrontEndHistory
from IPython.kernel.core.util import Bunch

##############################################################################
# TEMPORARY!!! fake configuration, while we decide whether to use tconfig or
# not

rc = Bunch()
rc.prompt_in1 = r'In [$number]:  '
rc.prompt_in2 = r'...'
rc.prompt_out = r'Out [$number]:  '

##############################################################################
# Interface definitions
##############################################################################

00048 class IFrontEndFactory(Interface):
    """Factory interface for frontends."""
    
00051     def __call__(engine=None, history=None):
        """
        Parameters:
        interpreter : IPython.kernel.engineservice.IEngineCore
        """
        
        pass


00060 class IFrontEnd(Interface):
    """Interface for frontends. All methods return t.i.d.Deferred"""
    
    Attribute("input_prompt_template", "string.Template instance\
                substituteable with execute result.")
    Attribute("output_prompt_template", "string.Template instance\
                substituteable with execute result.")
    Attribute("continuation_prompt_template", "string.Template instance\
                substituteable with execute result.")
    
00070     def update_cell_prompt(result, blockID=None):
        """Subclass may override to update the input prompt for a block. 

        In asynchronous frontends, this method will be called as a
        twisted.internet.defer.Deferred's callback/errback.
        Implementations should thus return result when finished.
        
        Result is a result dict in case of success, and a
        twisted.python.util.failure.Failure in case of an error
        """
        
        pass
    
00083     def render_result(result):
        """Render the result of an execute call. Implementors may choose the
         method of rendering.
        For example, a notebook-style frontend might render a Chaco plot 
        inline.
        
        Parameters:
            result : dict (result of IEngineBase.execute )
                blockID = result['blockID']
        
        Result:
            Output of frontend rendering
        """
        
        pass
    
00099     def render_error(failure):
        """Subclasses must override to render the failure. 
        
        In asynchronous frontend, since this method will be called as a
        twisted.internet.defer.Deferred's callback. Implementations
        should thus return result when finished.
        
        blockID = failure.blockID
        """
        
        pass
    
00111     def input_prompt(number=''):
        """Returns the input prompt by subsituting into 
        self.input_prompt_template
        """
        pass
    
00117     def output_prompt(number=''):
        """Returns the output prompt by subsituting into 
        self.output_prompt_template
        """
        
        pass
    
00124     def continuation_prompt():
        """Returns the continuation prompt by subsituting into 
        self.continuation_prompt_template
        """
        
        pass
    
00131     def is_complete(block):
        """Returns True if block is complete, False otherwise."""
        
        pass
    
   
00137     def get_history_previous(current_block):
        """Returns the block previous in  the history. Saves currentBlock if
        the history_cursor is currently at the end of the input history"""
        pass
    
00142     def get_history_next():
        """Returns the next block in the history."""
        
        pass
    
00147     def complete(self, line):
        """Returns the list of possible completions, and the completed
            line.

        The input argument is the full line to be completed. This method
        returns both the line completed as much as possible, and the list
        of further possible completions (full words).
        """
        pass


##############################################################################
# Base class for all the frontends. 
##############################################################################

00162 class FrontEndBase(object):
    """
    FrontEndBase manages the state tasks for a CLI frontend:
        - Input and output history management
        - Input/continuation and output prompt generation
        
    Some issues (due to possibly unavailable engine):
        - How do we get the current cell number for the engine?
        - How do we handle completions?
    """
    
    history_cursor = 0
    
    input_prompt_template = string.Template(rc.prompt_in1)
    output_prompt_template = string.Template(rc.prompt_out)
    continuation_prompt_template = string.Template(rc.prompt_in2)
    
    def __init__(self, shell=None, history=None):
        self.shell = shell
        if history is None:
                self.history = FrontEndHistory(input_cache=[''])
        else:
            self.history = history
        
    
00187     def input_prompt(self, number=''):
        """Returns the current input prompt
        
        It would be great to use ipython1.core.prompts.Prompt1 here
        """
        return self.input_prompt_template.safe_substitute({'number':number})
    
    
00195     def continuation_prompt(self):
        """Returns the current continuation prompt"""
        
        return self.continuation_prompt_template.safe_substitute()
    
00200     def output_prompt(self, number=''):
        """Returns the output prompt for result"""
        
        return self.output_prompt_template.safe_substitute({'number':number})
    
    
00206     def is_complete(self, block):
        """Determine if block is complete.
        
        Parameters
        block : string
        
        Result 
        True if block can be sent to the engine without compile errors.
        False otherwise.
        """
        
        try:
            is_complete = codeop.compile_command(block.rstrip() + '\n\n',
                            "<string>", "exec") 
        except:
            return False
        
        lines = block.split('\n')
        return ((is_complete is not None) 
                    and (len(lines)==1 or str(lines[-1])==''))
    
    
00228     def execute(self, block, blockID=None):
        """Execute the block and return the result.
        
        Parameters:
            block : {str, AST}
            blockID : any
                Caller may provide an ID to identify this block. 
                result['blockID'] := blockID
        
        Result:
            Deferred result of self.interpreter.execute
        """
        
        if(not self.is_complete(block)):
            raise Exception("Block is not compilable")
        
        if(blockID == None):
            blockID = guid.generate()
        
        try:
            result = self.shell.execute(block)
        except Exception,e:
            e = self._add_block_id_for_failure(e, blockID=blockID)
            e = self.update_cell_prompt(e, blockID=blockID)
            e = self.render_error(e)
        else:
            result = self._add_block_id_for_result(result, blockID=blockID)
            result = self.update_cell_prompt(result, blockID=blockID)
            result = self.render_result(result)
        
        return result
    
    
00261     def _add_block_id_for_result(self, result, blockID):
        """Add the blockID to result or failure. Unfortunatley, we have to 
        treat failures differently than result dicts.
        """
        
        result['blockID'] = blockID
        
        return result
    
00270     def _add_block_id_for_failure(self, failure, blockID):
        """_add_block_id_for_failure"""
        failure.blockID = blockID
        return failure
    
    
00276     def _add_history(self, result, block=None):
        """Add block to the history"""
        
        assert(block != None)
        self.history.add_items([block])
        self.history_cursor += 1
        
        return result
    
    
00286     def get_history_previous(self, current_block):
        """ Returns previous history string and decrement history cursor.
        """
        command = self.history.get_history_item(self.history_cursor - 1)
        
        if command is not None:
            if(self.history_cursor+1 == len(self.history.input_cache)):
                self.history.input_cache[self.history_cursor] = current_block
            self.history_cursor -= 1
        return command
    
    
00298     def get_history_next(self):
        """ Returns next history string and increment history cursor.
        """
        command = self.history.get_history_item(self.history_cursor+1)
        
        if command is not None:
            self.history_cursor += 1
        return command
    
    ###
    # Subclasses probably want to override these methods...
    ###
    
00311     def update_cell_prompt(self, result, blockID=None):
        """Subclass may override to update the input prompt for a block. 

        This method only really makes sens in asyncrhonous frontend.
        Since this method will be called as a 
        twisted.internet.defer.Deferred's callback, implementations should 
        return result when finished.
        """
        
        raise NotImplementedError
    
    
00323     def render_result(self, result):
        """Subclasses must override to render result. 
        
        In asynchronous frontends, this method will be called as a
        twisted.internet.defer.Deferred's callback. Implementations
        should thus return result when finished.
        """
        
        raise NotImplementedError
    
    
00334     def render_error(self, failure):
        """Subclasses must override to render the failure. 
        
        In asynchronous frontends, this method will be called as a
        twisted.internet.defer.Deferred's callback. Implementations
        should thus return result when finished.
        """
        
        raise NotImplementedError


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